Saturday, June 24, 2017

Hypnosis as treatment

January 13, 2011 by relax  
Filed under Hypnosis Therapy

Hypnosis as treatment
In our modern world we must know modern methods of treatment . Each person
should know about hypnosis and telepathy , because we need the help of
parapsychology and other new abilities of the doctors and psychologists . Do
you know hypnosis ?
Hypnosis is a mental state (state theory) or imaginative role-enactment (nonstate
theory) usually induced by a procedure known as a hypnotic induction,
which is commonly composed of a long series of preliminary instructions and
Hypnotic suggestions may be delivered by a hypnotist in the presence of the
subject, or may be self-administered (“self-suggestion” or “autosuggestion”).
The use of hypnotism for therapeutic purposes is referred to as “hypnotherapy”.
Hypnotherapy is therapy that is undertaken with a subject in hypnosis.
The word “hypnosis” (from the Greek hypnos, “sleep”) is an abbreviation of
James Braid’s (1841) term “neuro-hypnotism”, meaning “sleep of the nervous
A person who is hypnotized displays certain unusual characteristics and
propensities, compared with a non-hypnotized subject, most notably
hyper-suggestibility, which some authorities have considered a sine qua non of
hypnosis. For example, Clark L. Hull, probably the first major empirical
researcher in the field, wrote,
“If a subject after submitting to the hypnotic procedure shows no genuine
increase in susceptibility to any suggestions whatever, there seems no point in
calling him hypnotised…”
Hypnotherapy is often applied in order to modify a subject’s behavior, emotional
content, and attitudes, as well as a wide range of conditions including
dysfunctional habits, anxiety, stress-related illness, pain management, and
personal development.
A therapist who utilizes hypnosis as a primary tool for assisting clients to
achieve their goals. A Hypnotherapist often differs from others therapists by
focusing on the role of subconscious behaviors and influences on the client’s
In 1973, Dr. John Kappas, Founder of the Hypnosis Motivation Institute, wrote
and defined the profession of a Hypnotherapist in the Federal Dictionary of
Occupational Titles:
“Induces hypnotic state in client to increase motivation or alter behavior
Consults with client to determine nature of problem. Prepares client to enter
hypnotic state by explaining how hypnosis works and what client will experience.
Tests subject to determine degree of physical and emotional suggestibility.
hypnotic state in client, using individualized methods and techniques of hypnosis
based on interpretation of test results and analysis of client’s problem. May train
client in self-hypnosis conditioning.”
Hypnotherapy takes many different forms, and has integrated elements from,
and in turn influenced, other psychotherapeutic traditions throughout its history.
The form of hypnotherapy practiced by most Victorian hypnotists, including
James Braid and Hippolyte Bernheim, mainly employed direct suggestion of
symptom removal, with some use of therapeutic relaxation and occasionally
aversion to alcohol, drugs, etc. This simple form of treatment employed relatively
direct methods and few theoretical constructs, but has continued to influence
most subsequent forms of hypnotherapy.
In 1895 Sigmund Freud and Joseph Breuer published a seminal clinical text
entitled Studies in Hysteria (1895) which promoted a new approach to
psychotherapy. Freud and Breuer used hypnosis to regress clients to an earlier
age in order to help them remember and abreact supposedly repressed
traumatic memories. Although Freud gradually abandoned hypnotherapy in
favour of his developing method of psychoanalysis, his early work continued to
influence many subsequent hypnotherapists. However, as Freud later conceded,
his French rival Pierre Janet had already published a case study describing the
use of age regression in hypnotic psychotherapy, a few years earlier.
Subsequent regression hypnotherapy was sometimes known as
“hypnoanalysis”, “analytic hypnotherapy”, or “psychodynamic hypnotherapy.”
Many practitioners worked in ways that bore only faint resemblance to Freud’s
original approach, although others continued to be influenced by later
psychoanalytic theory and practice.
Hypnoanalysis found support in both world wars where it was used by military
psychiatrists as a rapid alternative to psychoanalysis in the treatment of
shellshock, now known as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Considerable controversy developed regarding the use of regression to uncover
allegedly repressed memories in the 1990s as the result of several high-profile
legal cases, where clients sued their therapists over claims of false memory
Milton H. Erickson was one of the most influential hypnotists of the 20th century.
From around the 1950s onward, Erickson developed a radically different
approach to hypnotism, which has subsequently become known as “Ericksonian
hypnotherapy” or “Neo-Ericksonian hypnotherapy.” Erickson made use of a
more informal conversational approach with many clients and complex language
patterns, and therapeutic strategies. However, this very divergence from
tradition led some of his colleagues, most notably Andre Weitzenhoffer, to
dispute whether Erickson was right to label his approach “hypnosis” at all.
Nevertheless, Erickson’s work continues to be one of the most influential forces
in modern hypnotherapy.
The founders of Neurolinguistic Programming (NLP), a methodology similar in
some regards to hypnotism, claimed that they had modelled the work of
Erickson extensively and assimilated it into their approach called the Milton
Weitzenhoffer disputed whether NLP bears any genuine resemblance to
Erickson’s work.
Cognitive behavioural hypnotherapy (CBH) is an integrated psychological
therapy employing clinical hypnosis and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
In 1974, Theodore Barber and his colleagues published an influential review of
the research which argued, following the earlier social psychology of Theodore
R. Sarbin, that hypnotism was better understood not as a “special state” but as
the result of normal psychological variables, such as active imagination,
expectation, appropriate attitudes, and motivation. Barber introduced the term
“cognitive-behavioral” to describe the nonstate theory of hypnotism, and
discussed its application to behavior therapy.
The growing application of cognitive and behavioral psychological theories and
concepts to the explanation of hypnosis paved the way for a closer integration of
hypnotherapy with various cognitive and behavioral therapies. However, many
cognitive and behavioral therapies were themselves originally influenced by
older hypnotherapy techniques, e.g., the systematic desensitisation of Joseph
Wolpe, the cardinal technique of early behavior therapy, was originally called
“hypnotic desensitisation” and derived from the Medical Hypnotism (1948) of
Lewis Wolberg.
The traditional style of hypnotherapy can be seen as a precursor of
cognitive-behavioral therapy insofar as both place emphasis upon “common
sense” theoretical explanations and the use of relaxation, and rehearsal of
positive ideas and imagery in therapy. Modern cognitive therapy primarily differs
from previous hypnotherapy approaches by placing much greater emphasis
upon the direct Socratic disputation of negative beliefs. However, cognitivebehavioral
hypnotherapists have assimilated this technique alongside their use
of hypnosis.
From the 1980s onward various clinical textbooks about CBH were written by
researchers such as Steven Jay Lynn, Irving Kirsch, E. Thomas Dowd, William
Golden, and Assen Alladin.
Professional membership boards :
* American Society of Clinical Hypnosis (ASCH) was founded in 1957 by Milton
Erickson, MD. It is an interdisciplinary organization of medical, dental and
mental health professionals interested in the clinical use of hypnosis. ASCH
promotes understanding and use of hypnosis as a clinical tool with broad
applications in medicine, dentistry and mental health. ASCH offers training and
certification programs and provides practitioners with ethical and treatment
guidelines for the clinical use of hypnosis by trained, licensed professionals.
Currently, ASCH has nearly 2,000 members in the U.S., Canada and other
The practice of hypnosis is not only used for entertainment in stage shows but
also it is used effectively in treating mental and bodily disorders. Even though
hypnosis is a scientific technique mystery still shrouds it and people look at it
from a skeptical point of view. There are many uses of hypnosis and it can treat
individuals suffering from hypochondria or other bodily or mental problems.
Hypnosis is nothing but a trance like condition of the mind where the
subconscious mind of the individual accepts suggestions that are external and
may be verbal or non-verbal. It is however extremely important that the method
be used only by trained practitioners of the technique who know the advantages
and disadvantages of the technique. One can find traces of healing the mind in
some of the cultures of the world that used the technique of hypnosis but were
not aware of its scientific background.
Hypnosis is effectively used in making individuals give up habits like

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